The historic city of Babylon is located within the city of Hilla, the center of the Babylon Governorate, Iraq, 80 kilometers south of Baghdad, and it is one of the most important historical and tourist places in Iraq. You can reach it by road (Baghdad – Al-Hilla), the city of Babylon dating back more than four thousand years, was the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire or the Chaldean Empire between 626 and 539 BC, and is considered one of the most famous ancient cities mentioned in the heavenly books. Writers and historians wrote about it because of its grandeur and splendor of its buildings, and its walls and hanging gardens are among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Although the city underwent a comprehensive renovation, in 1987, using modern bricks, the smell of history and the power of King Nebuchadnezzar II is still present. The most prominent landmarks of the historical city of Babylon:
. Ishtar Gate Represents the entrance to the city of Babylon
(Process Street) Procession Street is located in the heart of the historic city of Babylon, where religious processions used to pass. Procession Street is 720 meters long and 10-20 meters wide, and was built by Nebo Placer in 626 BC.
Namakh temple The temple of the Babylonian Woman is called, and it is distinguished by the presence of (the holy well) and according to their beliefs, any woman who commits a sin must bathe in the water of this well to wash away all her sins, and this temple is still standing.
Babel’s Lion A solid black basalt stone statue, about two meters high, was discovered in 1776, an ancient Babylonian symbol built by order of the Chaldean King Nebuchadnezzar II, and has come to be considered a national symbol of Iraq
North Palace It is located on the edge of the Euphrates River and is the main palace of Nebuchadnezzar II. The palace was intended to receive guestsinterior wallsInterior Walls The wall is about 8 kilometers long. The fence is made of clay, and the original wall height was from 22 to 28 meters
Southern Palace . The southern palace consists of 5 halls, the most important of which is the Throne Hall, which was dedicated to King Nebuchadnezzar II. A majestic and magnificent palace, this palace also witnessed the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. It is believed that the Hanging Gardens were located behind the Southern Palace.
Labyrinths are one of the most beautiful places in the city of Babylon. They were used as rooms for the administration of state affairs and granaries, the other purpose of which was to obstruct the enemy’s access to the palace.