Erbil Citadel is located in the center of the city of Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan, on top of an artificial man-made hill It was built mainly for defensive purposes, as it was considered an impenetrable fortress for the city of Erbil. It is said that the Erbil Citadel is one of the oldest places that was continuously inhabited, and it is estimated that it was founded 6 thousand years ago.
The height of the castle is 415 m above sea level, its height is about 26 m above the city level, and its area is 102,190 square meters.
The word Erbil is taken from (Arbeilo), meaning the four gods in the Assyrian language, and it was called the castle because it was high.
Erbil Citadel is an ancient archaeological and architectural landmark that contains many wonderful buildings and monuments, such as the mosque in the center of the citadel and is still used for prayer.
Today, the Erbil Citadel is one of the most important tourist attractions in the city, visited by thousands of locals and foreign tourists. The local authorities have invested in several museums and restored shops, markets and houses. The Kurdish Textile Museum displays traditional fabrics and designs representing the tribes that lived on the lands of this fortress before.
You will also see in the Textile Museum the traditional clothes belonging to the Kurdish and Turkic tribes that lived in the area before.