Iraqi National Museum
The Iraqi Museum building consists of 22 halls, according to the chronology and the different civilizations that appeared in Iraq, starting from the Stone Age and prehistoric times, passing through the Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian and Islamic civilizations in all their stages.
The first and second halls are dedicated to prehistoric times. The two halls contain artifacts dating back to the Stone Age.
Where these halls contain tools made of stone such as scrapers, hunting tools and axes dating back to 100 thousand years BC, which were used by humans at that time.
The hall also houses a Neanderthal skeleton that was found in Shanidar Cave in northern Iraq. The halls also contain many wonderful colored pottery pieces.
Sumerian civilization The third and fourth halls contain artifacts dating back to the Sumerian civilization that originated in southern Iraq. It includes many artifacts made of marble, in addition to a group of clay tablets written in cuneiform characters, proving that the first people to learn writing in history were the Sumerians in Mesopotamia, You will also see the Sumerian harp, the harp, the first musical instrument dating back to 3000 BC.
The Babylonian hall includes a large group of wonderful artifacts, such as the Babylonian lions that adorned the gates of the city of Babylon, in addition to a group of statues and clay tablets with the names of gods, animals and plants written on them. A clay tablet contains a geometric algebraic theorem similar to Euclid’s theorem.
It is the most impressive hall, as it contains a large collection of huge objects such as winged bulls made of yellow stone that used to decorate the entrance to the palace of King Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud. The hall also includes a group of wonderful obelisks such as the obelisks of King Nerari who ruled Nineveh in 783 BC,
Also, a wonderful fresco belonging to the palace of the Assyrian King Sargon shows King Sargon in Assyrian garb with Lamassu, the guardian angel of the city of Khorsabad, the Assyrian capital.
The Islamic hall includes a collection of artifacts dating back to the Abbasid era. Among these pieces is a marble mihrab belonging to one of Baghdad’s mosques in the Abbasid era. It also contains a wooden box that was used to cover the tomb of Imam al-Kadhim, who ordered its construction by Caliph al-Mustansir Billah in 1240 CE. On the chest in Arabic (this is the shrine of Imam al-Kadhim).